Depending on various circumstances, if one spouse in a divorce action has an ownership interest in a business, that ownership interest can be deemed a marital asset subject to equitable distribution with the non-business-owning spouse. Consequently, your wife may indeed have a “marital interest” in your business. In general terms, a “marital interest” in a business is a financial interest that a spouse acquires as a result of having been married to the business-owning spouse for a period of time during which the business developed and/or appreciated in value as a result of the business-owning spouse’s active efforts.
The value of the non-business-owning spouse’s interest in the business is determined in the context of equitable distribution of marital assets. Although there are many complex issues which can be implicated by a divorce, few are more complex and consequential than the issue of equitable distribution of an ownership interest in a business. This issue often necessitates that the ownership interest be valued by a forensic accountant. Once the value is determined, the amount of the non-business-owning spouse’s marital interest must be determined.
Proper resolution of these issues requires knowledge of the applicable law, as well as the ability to apply that knowledge to complex facts. It is therefore critical in any divorce case concerning equitable distribution of a business that each spouse retains a matrimonial attorney with substantial practice experience in this area and a command of the extensive body of law relating to equitable distribution of business interests.