Visitation Refusal By Divorced Parents During COVID-19

It’s important to recognize that reasonable people can reach vastly different conclusions about the safety of child exchanges and visitation in these strange times.  

Child wearing face mask: Visitation Refusal During COVID-19

The COVID-19 Crisis is definitely creating the impetus for many custody disputes. I’ve seen a surge in the number of people who are contacting me because the other parent is refusing to allow the children to travel to the other parent for court-ordered parenting time or visitation. Visitation refusal is happening even with parents who live only two blocks apart.  

Visitation Refusal During COVID-19

The justification for the refusing parent is the Governor’s “Stay at Home” Order.

The parent who has the children states that the governor’s order takes precedence over the court orders in the case.  The general consensus among family law practitioners seems to be that these refusals are wrongful, the court’s orders regarding child custody and parenting time should be followed in most cases.  

However, long distance travel is often treated differently.  I have seen the judges in our region temporarily halt visitation schedules where the children were scheduled to travel out of state to see their other parent for spring break. Long distance travel seems to create greater concern for the bench, as it seems to create a higher risk of spreading coronavirus with children having to fly or make long drives with stops along the way.

I’m also aware of at least one event where law enforcement officers threatened to arrest a parent who refused to allow the children to go with the parent who had driven a long distance to pick them up for a Spring Break visit.  

It’s important to recognize that reasonable people can reach vastly different conclusions about the safety of child exchanges and visitation in these strange times.  

California Family Courts Are Closed

Right now, most of our county superior courts are closed for almost all purposes for the near future, and likely at least through the end of April given the President’s recent pronouncement.  While the courts have remained open for emergency matters, such as domestic violence and child custody emergencies, how those matters are being handled has changed. In the three counties where I practice, Sacramento, Placer and Yolo, no one other than court staff is allowed inside the courthouses. The coronavirus crisis has forced the courts to handle ex parte matters purely on the pleadings, with no oral argument allowed except in limited cases, where telephone appearances are now the norm.  It has also forced our courts to accept email filings so the court staff does not have to handle papers that might be virus contaminated. Overall, court procedures are still in flux and changing from day to day, so it’s important to consult with a family law attorney who is keeping abreast of local court developments or to check the court’s website in your county to see what is happening there.

Recommendations From a Family Lawyer During the Coronavirus Crisis

If you are faced with visitation refusal during COVID-19, or other disputes over visitation and custody, my recommendations are for you to follow the court orders, or if no orders are in place, the previous practice, unless doing so would create a risk of serious or irreparable harm to the children or someone in the household of one of the parents. I would recommend against going into court ex parte at this time unless you have a very serious emergency that truly is about the health, safety, or welfare of a child or an at-risk/vulnerable caregiver. This is not a time to try to bend the rules, and the consequences are likely to be harsh for parents who take advantage of the crisis to violate their co-parent’s rights.  

If you think you have a good reason to deviate from the previous practice or current court orders, I’d encourage you to discuss it with a competent family law attorney who can give you an objective read on your case.

Stephanie L. Williams is a Certified Family Law Specialist. Ms. Williams founded her Sacramento family law firm in 2002, focusing primarily on divorce, as well as annulments, child custody, child support, spousal support, domestic violence, prenups, and other family law matters. In addition to traditional courtroom litigation, she offers mediated divorce and collaborative divorce services.

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