“What is Collaborative Practice? I’m trying to decide what route to take to resolve my divorce, and I’m wondering how Collaborative Practice differs from methods such as litigation and mediation.”
Collaborative Practice is a way of helping separating families resolve their disputes respectfully and with dignity. All participants agree to work together openly, honestly, and in good faith to find “win-win” solutions to the needs of both parties and their children. Both lawyers are collaboratively trained, and additional experts such as child and financial specialists may join the process as part of the team. At the outset, a commitment is made:
Here are some other important differences in Collaborative Practice:
Collaborative Practice is cost-effective and timely; litigation is lengthy and financially and emotionally draining. Collaborative Practice focuses on common interests; litigation focuses on differences and polarizes positions.
In mediation, there is one neutral person who assists the parties to work out a mutually acceptable settlement. The mediator, who may or may not be a lawyer, does not act for either party and does not provide legal advice. In a typical mediation, the clients attend mediation without their lawyers. After the mediation has been completed, lawyers for each of the parties provide independent legal advice regarding any proposed agreements.
In Collaborative Practice, each party has their own collaboratively trained lawyer present at all times, maintaining the same commitment to settlement as their sole agenda. Each client has quality legal advice and support throughout the process. The lawyers work as a team to assure that the process stays balanced, positive and productive, and to guide the parties to their best possible settlement.
In my opinion, Collaborative Practice is the best of both worlds. You and your partner have your own collaboratively trained lawyer by your side throughout the process, in a safe environment to help you make the most informed decisions for the family in a respectful way. By preserving respect and encouraging cooperation, Collaborative Practice helps parents and children maintain family bonds while embracing a healthy new beginning.
Sheila Kirsh is a Toronto-based family lawyer who has been practising Collaborative Practice for several years. She is Chair, a Director, and a Founding Member of the Collaborative Practice Toronto group.